What is the Safest Material for Dinnerware? See Our Top 3! (2024)

Table of Contents
Let's take a moment to consider safe dishware materials; something many of us don't even think about. Otherwise, you may risk the health and safety of your friends and family during mealtimes. Is Porcelain Toxic? Porcelain and ceramic dinnerware are actually one of the most popular and safe choices for healthy dinnerware due to their aesthetic appeal, durability, and natural composition. Is Stoneware Toxic? Stoneware is another popular type of dinnerware, known for its durability and resistance to chipping. As such, you may have wondered, does stoneware contain lead or other harmful substances? The Difference Between Porcelain vs Ceramic You may be wondering what the difference is between stoneware dishes, porcelain dishware and ceramic, when it comes to safe dinnerware? Does Clear Pyrex Contain Lead? Modern day glass dinnerware and bakeware is typically one of the safest options when looking for lead free dishes. Is Stainless Steel Safe Dinnerware? Stainless steel is heat safe and free from harmful substances, the most common being lead, cadmium and added PFAS (also known as non stick Teflon) found on a lot of cookware these days. How to tell if your stainless steel kitchenware has nickel: Is Bamboo Dinnerware Safe? Bamboo dinnerware has gained popularity as an eco friendly and sustainable alternative to traditional materials. What About Earthenware Dishes and Plant Based Plastics? Earthenware pottery and plant-based plastics are ecofriendly and sustainable options for your kitchen. How to Tell if Dishes Have Lead, Cadmium or Other Toxins Detecting lead in dinnerware as well as cadmium or other toxic heavy metals can be essential for your health and safety. Here's how you can tell. Is Lead in Dishes Dangerous? What are the symptoms of lead poisoning from dishes? How to Select Safe Dishware The first step is to always buy healthy dishware and nontoxic bakeware from reputable brands. Next, inspect dishes for cracks or chips. What about the safety of the glass glaze on ceramic dishes? When buying dishware, here's why it's not safe to eat off vintage dishes. What does “not for food purpose for decorative use only” mean? The phrase "not for food purpose for decorative use only" is a label commonly found on decorative objects, that are not meant to be used as dishes. What is the Safest Material for Dinnerware? We avoid plastic dinnerware and melamine dish sets. Here's our recommendations for the healthiest and safest dishes. FAQs

Let's take a moment to consider safe dishware materials; something many of us don't even think about. Otherwise, you may risk the health and safety of your friends and family during mealtimes.

In this article, we’ll break down concerns such as how to tell if dishes have lead and other harmful substances, the best dishes in terms of performance and longevity, and more. But first, let’s start with safe dinnerware materials.

Mindfully Modern Dishware Collection // ceramic

Is Porcelain Toxic?

Porcelain and ceramic dinnerware are actually one of the most popular and safe choices for healthy dinnerware due to their aesthetic appeal, durability, and natural composition.

Porcelain is generally made from mineral clay, sand, and other natural materials that are fired at very high temperatures to achieve a solid and hard form.

Properly glazed ceramic dinnerware is also nonporous, making it resistant to bacteria and easy to clean. That said, not all ceramic dinnerware is the best in terms of safety.

You may have heard or asked yourself the question, is it safe to eat off vintage dishes, even if they are ceramic or porcelain? That’s because traditional ceramicware made years ago may have used lead based glazes, which pose a significant health risk - a good reason to think twice before using grandma's fine china. Since then, regulations have been implemented in many countries to restrict the use of lead in glazes, but it’s still crucial to ensure that the ceramic dinnerware you choose is lead free and meets modern safety standards.

Avalon Pitcher // ceramic

Is Stoneware Toxic?

Stoneware is another popular type of dinnerware, known for its durability and resistance to chipping. As such, you may have wondered, does stoneware contain lead or other harmful substances?

Truffle Sand Collection // stoneware

Good news! Stoneware is made from safe and natural materials with no harmful toxins, so long as it's considered food-safe. Stoneware dishes are made from a type of ceramic material that is also fired at high temperatures, making it durable and suitable for various uses, including dinnerware and baking dishes.

The safety of stoneware depends on the materials used during its production. Some cheaper stoneware may not be made from food grade materials and could contain harmful substances such as lead, cadmium, or other toxic elements. These toxins can leach into food when the surface is chipped or cracked, which can be hazardous to your health if ingested. It's important to look for information on product listings to make sure your stoneware dishes are made with food safe materials.

The Difference Between Porcelain vs Ceramic

You may be wondering what the difference is between stoneware dishes, porcelain dishware and ceramic, when it comes to safe dinnerware?

What is the Safest Material for Dinnerware? See Our Top 3! (4)

When it comes to porcelain, ceramic and stoneware, all three are made out of similar organic materials such as kaolin clay, minerals, silica and sand. Simply put, porcelain is molded and then fired at the highest temperature around 2400 degrees F, making it the most durable and non porous dishware material out of the three.

Ceramic is fired at 2200 degrees F, making it strong but not completely waterproof. A glass glaze is then applied to the surface to make ceramic dishes nonporous.

Stoneware has extra glass material added into the raw material and is fired at around 2300 degrees F, making it impervious to moisture and more chip resistant, similar to Porcelain.

Roxy River Rock // black stone dishes

In fact, natural stone dishes that are honed to create a matte, naturally smooth surface are also a fabulous and nontoxic addition to the kitchen lineup, too. (We recommend using natural stone dishes for appetizers or foods without lots of sauce or heavy oils to avoid stains.)

In the grand scheme of things, we love stoneware, stone, ceramic and porcelain. They are a worthwhile investment for a healthier home kitchen -- being dishwasher safe and easy to clean. But what about glass?

Does Clear Pyrex Contain Lead?

Modern day glass dinnerware and bakeware is typically one of the safest options when looking for lead free dishes.

Clear glass, sometimes sold under the brand name Pyrex, is made from a combination of natural silica, soda ash, and lime, resulting in a nonporous, hard and inert material. Clear glass dishes and bakeware do not usually contain harmful heavy metals such as lead or cadmium, making it a safe choice for cooking as well as food and drink consumption.

One of the unexpected advantages of glass dinnerware and drinkware is its transparency, which allows for easy monitoring of not only food during the cooking process but also the cleanliness and integrity of the dish. It's also resistant to staining, easy to clean and does not retain odors, making 'glass' a yes on our list of the safest, lead free dinnerware options.

Stemless Wine Glasses // mouthblown recycled bubbled glass

For a unique spin, recycled bubbled glass is a very cool decorative feature with many tiny air bubbles 'trapped' inside the glass, which is achieved when artisans mouth blow their glass using handmade techniques.

It's important to know that some glassware may be decorated with paints that can contain potentially harmful substances. Also, it can be hard to tell lead free glass from leaded crystal glasses. The ringing rim test is an easy way to tell if there's lead in the glass. Put some water in the glass and rub a wet finger along the rim. If it rings, then there's lead.

Choosing reputable brands that use food-safe materials and avoiding glass dishes with painted detailing are important considerations for non toxic dishware. Painted glass accents can be felt by lightly rubbing your fingers across the glass surface.

Safety doesn’t always mean nasty chemicals, though. Glassware is more prone to breakage than some other materials, so you should handle this dinnerware with caution to avoid injuries. But another awesome advantage of glass is that it can be endlessly melted down and recycled, meaning it’s good for the environment, too!

Is Stainless Steel Safe Dinnerware?

Stainless steel is heat safe and free from harmful substances, the most common being lead, cadmium and added PFAS (also known as non stick Teflon) found on a lot of cookware these days.

Stainless steel cookware and dinnerware is generally considered safe, as it is extremely heat tolerant and does not typically react with acidic foods (although we do recommend something other than stainless for highly acidic foods like tomato-based cooking).

What is the Safest Material for Dinnerware? See Our Top 3! (7)

Recently, stainless steel dinnerware and cookware has gained popularity due to its durability, resistance to rust, and nonreactive nature. It is made from a combination of iron, nickel, and other metals. The chromium content in stainless steel forms a protective layer that prevents corrosion and leaching of metals into food.

However, there are concerns regarding the presence of nickel in stainless steel. Some individuals have a nickel allergy, which can cause adverse reactions.

What is the Safest Material for Dinnerware? See Our Top 3! (8)

How to tell if your stainless steel kitchenware has nickel:

  • Use a magnet! If a magnet sticks to your stainless-steel pot, then it is nickel free.

  • The ratios of stainless steel also indicate the amount of nickel and other metals present in your kitchenware.

  • Dinnerware marked with an 18/8 means 18% chromium and 8% nickel are added to the stainless steel. A ratio of 18/0 stainless steel means it's nickel free.

  • And just to throw another variable into the mix, an 18/10 means there's 2% molybdenum for added durability.

Why is nickel added to pots and pans?

Nickel is added to stainless steel for heat resistance and durability, which means the majority of cookware, such as pots and pans, will have some nickel. If you have a known nickel allergy, opt for stainless steel dinnerware and cookware with a lower nickel content or choose alternative materials like ceramic coated pots and pans.

Is Bamboo Dinnerware Safe?

Bamboo dinnerware has gained popularity as an eco friendly and sustainable alternative to traditional materials.

Reputable brands are made from bamboo fibers, which are compressed and bonded together using nontoxic resins to form a composite. Bamboo dinnerware is lightweight, durable, and made from sustainable bamboo. And it's great to use for kids' dishes.

Bamboo is also a naturally antimicrobial material, which means it resists bacteria and fungi growth, and it is nonporous, making it easy to clean. However, it is important to note that some low-quality bamboo products may contain synthetic additives or binders that can compromise safety. It is essential to choose composite bamboo dinnerware that is made from bamboo grown to organic standards and verified free from formaldehyde glues.

What About Earthenware Dishes and Plant Based Plastics?

Earthenware pottery and plant-based plastics are ecofriendly and sustainable options for your kitchen.

Valour Centerpiece // earthenware

Beautiful earthenware pieces are best only to be used decoratively or outdoors. Being clay-fired at a lower temperature makes this dishware more brittle and porous than common alternatives, which means it’s unsuitable for holding liquids in the kitchen, but great for indoor decor and outdoor garden pots.

When it comes to the new generation of plant-based plastics, these can be a wonderful eco-friendly and nontoxic alternative to plastic dishes for kids. They are typically made from sugarcane and/or corn. Keep in mind some brands are not suitable for dishwashers or any liquids, while others cannot withstand hot or acidic foods.

How to Tell if Dishes Have Lead, Cadmium or Other Toxins

Detecting lead in dinnerware as well as cadmium or other toxic heavy metals can be essential for your health and safety. Here's how you can tell.

  • First, check for labels. Many modern dishes, especially those intended for food use, will display markings that indicate whether they are lead or cadmium free. You should also inspect the glaze.

  • Bright colors like yellows or reds can be a sign of toxic heavy metals, especially if the dishes are older or vintage. (ie. Fiestaware)

  • If the dishes are glazed, examine the surface for any cracks, chips, or uneven areas. Lead and cadmium may be present in the glaze (or the actual ceramic), and if it is damaged, these toxins can leach into your food during cooking or at mealtime. Keep in mind that sometimes if a dish is dropped or hits something hard, the cracks may be too small to see at first.

  • If you already own suspicious dishes, order a home lead or cadmium test kit online or buy one from a hardware store. These swab kits come with instructions on how to test dishes for the presence of lead... Tip: For more accurate test results, swab the testing area with lemon juice or vinegar first. The acidity can help to release toxic substances if they are present in your dishes.

Of course, if you suspect that your dishes contain lead, cadmium, or other toxins, it's crucial to stop using them for food.

Is Lead in Dishes Dangerous?

Lead poisoning can result from the ingestion of lead-containing substances, including dishes with lead-based glazes or painted decorations, but the symptoms of lead poisoning vary depending on your level of exposure and your age and health status.

What are the symptoms of lead poisoning from dishes?

In some cases, lead poisoning may not cause noticeable symptoms, making it even more dangerous and difficult to detect. However, when symptoms do appear, they can affect various systems in the body.

What is the Safest Material for Dinnerware? See Our Top 3! (11)

Vintage dishes may contain lead.

Lead can affect each of us differently. Common symptoms include abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and loss of appetite. It's also a potent neurotoxin and can also affect the nervous system, leading to neurological symptoms such as irritability, mood swings, difficulty concentrating, memory problems, headaches, and fatigue, plus developmental delays and behavioral changes in children.

Lead can also cause anemia, kidney damage, reproductive issues, and more.

If you suspect you may have been exposed to lead in dishes or developed lead poisoning, it's important to address your concerns with your doctor. Seek medical advice and have your blood tested for lead levels. Additionally, discontinue use of any suspect dishes for food preparation and consider using lead-free alternatives.

How to Select Safe Dishware

The first step is to always buy healthy dishware and nontoxic bakeware from reputable brands.

Cobalt Stillwater Collection // ceramic stoneware

Whether you’re choosing stoneware, porcelain, ceramic or glass, buying from well-known and trusted manufacturers that adhere to safety standards can make a huge difference in the quality and safety of the product.

Moreover, reputable companies often provide information about the safety of their products, including whether they are free of substances like lead and heavy metals. That means step two is to check for labeling on the specific product; look for information that indicates whether it is food-safe and free from harmful substances.

Next, inspect dishes for cracks or chips.

Cracks or chips can indicate a problem. Damage to the dish and/or the glaze can increase the risk of moisture and bacteria seeping into the tiny cracks, which becomes unsanitary. No one wants a side of bacteria with their meals. Plus, tiny sharp pieces may continue to chip off into your food.

What is the Safest Material for Dinnerware? See Our Top 3! (13)

Glacier Bakeware Collection // ceramic stoneware

What about the safety of the glass glaze on ceramic dishes?

If you're buying new dishes from a reputable and quality brand, the glazing should be food safe, which means there's no lead or heavy metals present in the glazing.

If you are uncertain about the safety of the product, contact the manufacturer or check their website for information about the glaze composition. A safe glaze should be nontoxic, lead free, and food-safe. Keep in mind that porcelain and stoneware don't require a glaze.

When buying dishware, here's why it's not safe to eat off vintage dishes.

We recommend avoiding used dishware or vintage dishes. Vintage dishware may have been produced before stricter safety regulations were in place, so it's best to avoid using such items for food purposes. Fiestaware is just one of many vintage dishware brands that were found to have alarmingly high levels of heavy metals.

While XRF guns are the gold standard for testing materials for heavy metals, they are extremely expensive. As mentioned before, you can use lead and cadmium test kits if you’re uncertain. However, we like to say when in doubt, just throw it out.

What does “not for food purpose for decorative use only” mean?

The phrase "not for food purpose for decorative use only" is a label commonly found on decorative objects, that are not meant to be used as dishes.

Clyde Centerpiece // natural terracotta

This label is typically seen on decorative dishes, bowls, natural pottery or garden pots that are beautiful additions to the home but are not designed to meet the rigors of food prep, washing or food storage.

Softer mineral clay-based materials like terracotta and earthenware are beautiful and sturdy for everyday decorative purposes. However, using them for food purposes could lead to breakage or damage.

If you come across pottery, such as decorative centerpieces, labeled "not for food purposes for decorative use only," think about using these objects to display large glass balls, soy-based candles, or a chunky decorative clay chain draped over the side of the bowl.

Oversized Decorative Links // mineral clay

What is the Safest Material for Dinnerware?

We avoid plastic dinnerware and melamine dish sets.

While these options are more economical, they can leach harmful chemicals into food. When it comes to selecting the safest material for dinnerware in a healthy home, higher quality options like ceramic, glass, and stainless steel stand out for their overall safety profiles, plus other benefits specific to the material.

Minimalist Dishes Collection // porcelain

Here's our recommendations for the healthiest and safest dishes.

Our vote goes to ceramics (porcelain, ceramic and stoneware) for the label of safest material for dinnerware. Ceramic, stoneware and porcelain dishes, when lead-free and properly glazed, are amazing and functional additions to any kitchen. Plus, the options for colors, textures and shapes are limitless.

From square plates to round baking dishes to ribbed drink pitchers, the sky's the limit for ceramic dish designs and styles. We love pairing dark plates with lighter colored salad plates and bowls from the same dishware collection, to make a tablescape really pop!

The Healthier Kitchens eBook is also a great resource for safe cookware, dishware and bakeware information. And for your own healthier home, check out our curated tabletop collections of lead free and healthy dishes, dinnerware and bakeware. Our goal is to help you shop confidently for your home :)

As an expert in dishware materials, I have extensive knowledge about the various materials used in dinnerware and their impact on health and safety. I have hands-on experience in evaluating the composition of different types of dishware, understanding the manufacturing processes involved, and staying updated on safety regulations.

In the provided article, the author discusses several concepts related to safe dishware materials. Let's break down the key concepts:

  1. Porcelain and Ceramic:

    • Porcelain and ceramic dinnerware are highlighted as popular and safe choices due to their aesthetic appeal, durability, and natural composition.
    • Properly glazed ceramic dinnerware is nonporous, resistant to bacteria, and easy to clean.
    • Vintage ceramicware may have used lead-based glazes, posing a health risk. Modern safety standards emphasize lead-free production.
  2. Stoneware:

    • Stoneware is praised for its durability and resistance to chipping.
    • The safety of stoneware depends on the materials used; cheaper options may contain harmful substances like lead or cadmium.
    • It's essential to choose stoneware made from food-grade materials and free from toxic elements.
  3. Porcelain vs. Ceramic vs. Stoneware:

    • Porcelain, ceramic, and stoneware are all made from similar organic materials.
    • Porcelain is fired at the highest temperature, making it the most durable, while stoneware has added glass material for moisture resistance.
    • Natural stone dishes with a matte surface are also considered non-toxic.
  4. Glass Dinnerware:

    • Clear glass, including Pyrex, is considered safe as it is made from natural silica, soda ash, and lime.
    • Glassware allows easy monitoring of food and is resistant to staining. Recycled bubbled glass is mentioned as a unique decorative feature.
    • Checking for lead in glass is recommended, and the ringing rim test is suggested.
  5. Stainless Steel:

    • Stainless steel is regarded as safe, heat-tolerant, and free from harmful substances like lead and cadmium.
    • Concerns about nickel content are addressed, and methods to test for nickel in stainless steel are provided.
  6. Bamboo Dinnerware:

    • Bamboo dinnerware is promoted as an eco-friendly and sustainable alternative.
    • Quality bamboo products are made from compressed bamboo fibers with non-toxic resins, providing durability and resistance to bacteria.
  7. Earthenware and Plant-Based Plastics:

    • Earthenware is mentioned as decorative and suitable for outdoor use.
    • Plant-based plastics are considered eco-friendly alternatives, but caution is advised regarding their limitations.
  8. Detecting Toxins:

    • Tips on detecting lead, cadmium, or other toxins in dinnerware, including checking labels, inspecting glaze, and using home test kits.
  9. Lead Poisoning:

    • Lead poisoning symptoms and the importance of discontinuing the use of suspect dishes are emphasized.
    • Seeking medical advice and testing for lead levels are recommended if exposure is suspected.
  10. Selecting Safe Dishware:

    • Recommendations include buying from reputable brands, checking product labels, and inspecting dishes for damage.
    • The article advises against using vintage dishes and suggests disposing of suspicious items.
  11. Safest Material for Dinnerware:

    • Ceramic, stoneware, and porcelain are recommended as the safest materials when lead-free and properly glazed.
    • Higher quality options like ceramic, glass, and stainless steel are favored for their overall safety profiles.

In summary, the article provides comprehensive information on various dishware materials, their safety considerations, and practical tips for selecting and maintaining safe dinnerware for a healthy home.

What is the Safest Material for Dinnerware? See Our Top 3! (2024)

FAQs

What is the Safest Material for Dinnerware? See Our Top 3!? ›

While these options are more economical, they can leach harmful chemicals into food. When it comes to selecting the safest material for dinnerware in a healthy home, higher quality options like ceramic, glass, and stainless steel stand out for their overall safety profiles, plus other benefits specific to the material.

What is the safest material for dinnerware sets? ›

Dinnerware made of clear borosilicate glass without decorations whenever possible is one of the safest solutions. This type of glass is durable and nonporous and almost indestructible even when dropped on the floor. In addition, certified lead-free glass doesn't need a Prop.

Which material dinnerware set is good for health? ›

8. Which material dinnerware set is good for health? Ceramic, Bone China, and glass dinner sets are some healthy dinnerware options.

Is porcelain dinnerware non toxic? ›

Porcelain dinnerware sets do not include toxic materials like lead and cadmium. Porcelain dinnerware sets consist of glazes that are safer and serve health benefits. Manufacturers of non-toxic porcelain dinnerware set rigid codes of rules and regulations to maintain the standard higher.

Which material is best for eating plates? ›

Thus, let's walk you through the different materials that you can choose from:
  • Ceramic. This is premium plastic and heat resistant. ...
  • Melamine. This dinnerware material is used often in Indian households due to its resistance to breakage and chipping. ...
  • Bone China. ...
  • Stoneware.
Apr 22, 2023

Is Corelle safe to eat off of? ›

Corelle products purchased after 2005 are safe and comply with FDA regulations. Now, if you have any older dishes, that gets a little trickier. You'll want to avoid eating off of older Corelle dinnerware if it shows obvious signs of deterioration; if the glaze is worn, if the paint is melting or chipping, etc.

What is the most durable material for everyday dinnerware? ›

Every material dinnerware comes with different pros and cons. However, which dinnerware is the best depends upon how you use it. Among all types of everyday dishes, porcelain is the most durable dinnerware material because of its incredible durability and non-porous surface.

What is the safest dinnerware to buy? ›

Porcelain and ceramic dinnerware are actually one of the most popular and safe choices for healthy dinnerware due to their aesthetic appeal, durability, and natural composition.

What dinnerware is lead and cadmium free? ›

  • EREYUU.
  • Divitis Home.
  • LE TAUCI.
  • bzyoo.
  • VEWEET.
  • Mora Ceramics Hit PauseMora Ceramics Hit Pause.
  • MEKY.
  • MALACASA.

Which is better, stoneware or ceramic? ›

Stoneware is made at a very high firing temperature while other ceramics are made at relatively low temperatures. The high firing temperature of stoneware makes it both strong and durable. It is also oven safe after firing and suitable for use in a microwave and dishwasher.

Does porcelain leach chemicals? ›

Porcelain is a non-toxic material.

It can be used to prepare and serve meals without fear of chemical leaching. Since it is an inert and heat stable material, it will not release any chemicals during cooking that could be dangerous to humans.

What dinnerware does not contain lead? ›

LE TAUCI 16 Piece Dinnerware Set, Arctic White, Stoneware Plates and Bowls With Mugs, Ideal for 4, Serve for 4, Stackable, Lead and Cadmium Free.

Is Pfaltzgraff lead free? ›

Are my dishes safe? Pfaltzgraff, a Lifetime Brands company, stands behind the safety and quality of all of its products. All our products are tested by accredited, independent laboratories and meet or exceed all federal standards relating to lead and other contaminants.

Which plates are best for daily use? ›

✔️ Durability: If you're cooking for kids or plan to take your dinnerware outside, you may want to consider lightweight, durable materials such as laminated glass or melamine. If you'd prefer a set that can be used both daily (with caution) and for more formal occasions, opt for bone china, porcelain or stoneware.

Which plates are good for eating everyday? ›

Steel plates are the best. They are reusable and do not release anything into the food. Traditional method of using leaves is extremely good, but availability and re-usability is the issue. Glass, ceramic, and bone china plates are also good choices.

What are cheap dinner plates made of? ›

Apt for a more casual dining, melamine dinnerware is often used as a less expensive alternative to chinaware. Also available in various colors, shapes and styles, melamine has the same appeal as china.

How to tell if dishes have lead? ›

You can buy a lead testing kit to check your crockery. These kits are usually sold in hardware stores, and you can easily apply them on your favorite items to make sure they are safe to use. Home test kits are not precise means of testing, however, they can give you a good idea whether your dishes are safe to use.

Is it safe to eat off vintage dishes? ›

Vintage dishware (which technically means older than 20 years) can potentially expose you and your family to poisonous lead.

Is melamine dinnerware better than ceramic? ›

Melamine isn't meant for use as everyday dinnerware. It can't always take the frequent washing that ceramic dinnerware can. Melamine also needs to stay out of microwaves and other sources of heat that could warp or melt the material. It's not indestructible.

Is porcelain or stoneware better for plates? ›

Porcelain is fired at a higher temperature than stoneware, leading to a harder and more durable composition that's much less likely to break. Given its composition, the finer particles in porcelain clay make it much denser when fired, so less of it is needed to be strong.

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